Toe bruises are one of the most common injuries experienced. You can get damaged both during professional activity and in a domestic environment. Most often, a bruise of a toe occurs due to carelessness when the patient accidentally touches foreign objects. In this case, acute pain immediately appears, and after a while – redness and swelling of the tissues. You should contact a podiatrist as soon as possible after an injury.
You can make an appointment with the specialist. The specialist will examine the injured limb, make a preliminary diagnosis of the podiatry condition and, if necessary, prescribe additional diagnostic methods. Toe bruises are not as harmless as commonly believed. Often, after being injured, patients try to deal with pain and swelling on their own for several days, unaware of the presence of an ordinary or marginal fracture of the finger and other serious injuries that can be easily obtained even in everyday life.
The Structure Of The Toes
Tubular bones lie at the base of the toes. Each finger is formed by three phalanges, except for the large one, in which there are only two. Thanks to rolling stock and tendons, the fingers can perform various movements and help a person maintain balance while walking. Even minor injuries to the soft and hard tissues of the foot lead to motor limitations, knocking a person out of the usual rhythm of life.
During a bruise, tissue damage, microtrauma of blood vessels occur. Even a minor injury requires appropriate treatment for a bruised toe. Otherwise, swelling and pain will increase, limiting the patient’s physical activity. Often, bruises on the toes are accompanied by blue discoloration and detachment of the nail plate. In this case, its partial or complete removal may be required.
Signs Of A Bruised And Broken Toe
Symptoms for a bruised and broken toe are similar: the patient feels pain that does not allow stepping on the foot, and also notes swelling of the soft tissues. Only a qualified specialist can distinguish a fracture or crack from a bruise. An accurate diagnosis is made based on X-ray and professional examination data. A patient who has received a bruised toe should be alerted to the following signs:
- pathological mobility of the toes at the site of injury;
- prolonged pain syndrome, which is poorly controlled by classical analgesics;
- increasing swelling and cyanosis of the skin;
- crunch when pressing on the injury site;
- unnatural position of the foot or toes.
If these symptoms appear, you need to make an appointment with a specialist and conduct an X-ray examination to make sure there is no toe fracture. In no case do not self-medicate, even if you are sure of the harmlessness of the injury.
Fractured Toe: Types
A toe fracture can be open when soft tissue damage occurs and bone debris can protrude from the wound. In this situation, there is a direct threat of a secondary infection. The patient urgently needs an antiseptic treatment. For open fractures of the toes, treatment should not be delayed. In the event of a displacement fracture, it is required to match bone fragments, which will make it possible to give the finger an anatomically correct shape and restore the impaired functions of the limb.
Complications Of Toe Injuries
Broken toes can have dangerous health consequences, even when the injury is relatively minor. Without qualified medical care, skin wounds, cracks and bone fractures can provoke the development of the following complications:
- deformation of the joints of the fingers;
- secondary infections.
- Damage to the soft and hard tissues of the extremities is especially dangerous for patients who suffer from metabolic disorders, chronic diseases, in particular, diabetes mellitus. For such patients, even minor trauma can pose a latent threat.
How Are Bruised And Broken Toes Treated?
Patients with bruised and broken toes require first aid. It is very important to contact a specialist in a timely manner and undergo the prescribed examination. This will allow the doctor to find an effective treatment for bruised toes as soon as possible and take all the necessary measures to prevent complications.
Medical tactics for bruises and fractures of the toes are selected depending on the nature of the damage. With an open fracture, the wound can quickly become infected and the risk of developing tetanus is also possible. Specialists practice the administration of anti-tetanus serum and antibacterial treatment of open wounds to the toes, especially if they are obtained by contact with the ground and working tools